Integrative modelling

Environmental, social and economic interests often form an area of conflict, and sustainable management of marine resources is becoming increasingly important and has been implemented in EU policies and governance strategies such as the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (European Commission, 2008). 

Anthropogenic stressors, climate and ocean dynamics structure marine ecosystems and influence the multitude of physical, chemical and biological interacting processes in a complex manner. The integration of the various factors and their changes to predict ecosystems and species evolvement under changing anthropogenic and natural stressors is only possible with the help of modelling. The integrative approach to management of the marine ecosystem aims to develop challenging new tools and approaches that deal with the complexity of interactive processes to evaluate trade-offs by simulating scenarios of management plans. In order to increase the predictive ability, the Centre will promote the development of spatially explicit integrative models by bringing together 1) climate and anthropogenic stressors and 2) theoretical, experimental and observational perspectives. 

Relevant projects involving Hjort Centre members

SEAMAN: Spatially resolved Ecosystem models and their Application to Marine MANagement
Project leader: Professor Corinna Schrum, Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen
Funding source: SeasERA FP7-project, funding provided by national research councils of Norway, France, Iceland and Greece, overall 1,449 Mio Euro
Period: 2013-2016
The SEAMAN project aims to advance todays´s 3-d ecosystem models and seeks to overcome their inherent conceptual challenges related to trophic coupling. Furthermore, SEAMAN will further develop existing approaches and new and advanced spatially explicit modelling tools capable to resolve the combined influence of multiple ecosystem drivers and thereby advance the 3-d modelling tools into suitable management instruments. The SEAMAN consortium combines key expertise in ecosystem modeling from key European groups from Norway, France, Greece and Iceland.
Web link: Seaman  
Leaflet: Seaman (PDF)

POME: Prediction and Observation of the Marine Environment
Project leader: Professor Corinna Schrum, Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen
Funding source: Senter for internasjonalisering av utdanning (SIU), Norway, 2 Mio NOK
Period: 2013-2017
POME provides a framework for cooperation in higher education in marine science, which will enhance the trainee opportunities for students in marine science on Master and Ph.D. level, but also for Bachelor students. POME will establish a closer collaboration in marine science education, which builds upon existing research co-operations between scientist from the University of Bergen, Dalhousie University and the Halifax Marine Research Institute, the Nansen Center and the Institute of Marine Research. POME will have the following short and long-term outcomes (i) stimulate co-operation and transatlantic collaboration, (ii) enhance the international profile at both universities, (iii) develop new models for transatlantic academic collaboration, (iv) profile new areas of academic study, (v) generate specialised knowledge in areas where expertise is needed and (vi) initiate and enhance network building for the coming generation of marine scientist. The participating institutes have identified 9 topical areas of mutual research interest from all four branches of marine research: biological, chemical, physical and geological oceanography (i) Marine ecosystems, (ii) Carbon cycling and carbon observations, (iii) Ocean acidification, (iv) Coastal observing and prediction systems, (iv) Acoustics, (vi) Regional modelling and downscaling, (v) Coastal sediment dynamics, (vi) Aquaculture in marine ecosystem and (vii) Marine environment and renewable energy.
Web link: POME